Zenit ET is a 35mm film SLR camera manufactured by Vileiskiy Zavod Zenit, (Vileiskiy Plant Zenit), , near Minsk, former USSR, produced between 1982-1993 with quantity 3.000.000. Зенит = Zenit means Zenith that is the point in the sky that appears directly above the observer in astronomy or may mean the highest point.
Zenit ET belongs to the long running series of Zenit cameras. Small numbers of early Zenits was produced by KMZ, in 1981-82.
Zenit ETs also exist without aperture automation and without a built-in meter. They offered various finish materials and colours like silver, black, bronze, or green. This camera is an attempt to modernize the Zenit EM. Initially it looked just like an EM with new lettering, with new designs on the dials. Some variants also lack strap lugs.
The cameras produced in Vileiskiy Plant Zenit of MMZ-BelOMO are a complete remake of the earlier Zenit ET. The shape and features remain the same, but more plastic parts are used, including the top cover, bottom plate, and film advance lever on some cameras. BelOMO also supplied the multicoated Helios 44-3 58mm preset lens for use with the ET models lacking aperture automation.
There were 3 types Zenit ET (KMZ) and 6 types with 11 sub-types of the Zenit ET (MMZ-BeLomo)
This data belongs to the Zenit ET type 5d. All of the other models are same with this but some minor modifications and different finish colors and one of them wo/ the lightmeter.
Lens: MC Helios-44M-6 58mm f/2, automatic diaphragm, filter theread 52mm
Other standard lens is Helios-44 58mm f/2 with manual diaphragm
Helios was written with Latin letters
Zenit and Valdai logos are on the lens
Mount: M42 screw mount
Aperture: f/2 - f/16, setting dial and ring on the lens
Focus range: 0.5-10m, +inf.
Focusing: Fresnel matte glass screen
Shutter: Horizontaly travelling, cloth focal-plane shutter, speeds 1/30,1/60, 1/125, 1/250,1/500, +B(Bulb),
Shutter cocking lever: also winds the film, short stroke
Shutter release: on the top plate w/ cable release socket, and a lock mechanism by half pressing you can see the DOF
Frame counter: coupled with the winding knob, advance type, manual setting
Viewfinder: eye-level SLR pentaprism
Exposure meter: uncoupled Selenium cell lightmeter
Metering: match the needles type, window beside the re-wind lever
Setting: by a complex dial under the re-wind lever with ASA, speed and aperture setting dials
Self timer: activates by a small knob above the lever
Flash PC socket: on front of the top plate, X sync.1/30, 1/60, marked 30-X on the speed dial
Back cover: hinged, opens by lifting the re-winding lever
Body: Plastic bronze coloured top and bottom finish, some parts are also plastic
Engravings on the bottom plate: Made in USSR and the Vilejka factory logo
Others: Hot-shoe; Strap lugs; Tripod socket 1/4 inch
Body: metal and plastic; weight: 824g
Serial no. stamped inside the back cover, the first two digits show the production year